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Home > Blog > Insurance Defense > Challenging the Sufficiency of a Slip and Fall Claim

Challenging the Sufficiency of a Slip and Fall Claim


One of the most common forms of personal injury litigation in Texas, and across the country, is alleged premises liability. Basically, a customer claims they suffered bodily harm after slipping and falling due to an object or wet surface at your business premise. To have a viable premises liability claim, under Texas law, a plaintiff needs to produce sufficient evidence to prove six legal elements:

  1. You owned the premises;
  2. The plaintiff was an invitee;
  3. There was a condition on the business premises that created an unreasonable risk of harm to invitees;
  4. You, as the premises owner, knew or should have known of the risk of harm;
  5. You failed to properly warn plaintiff of the condition, or you failed to correct the dangerous condition so it was safe; and
  6. Your alleged breach of duty proximately caused bodily harm to the plaintiff.

Six Opportunities to Rebut or Challenge the Slip and Fall Claim

As you can see, a plaintiff in a premises liability case must meet a number of prerequisites to ultimately prevail. Each element can be challenged by your Brownsville premises liability defense attorney. In many cases, the notice element (i.e. element number 4) is the most challenging for a plaintiff to prove, especially if the alleged dangerous condition was a wet surface that could not be readily discerned by the naked eye.

The Texas Supreme Court established that there are generally only three ways to prove actual or constructive notice on the part of the premises owner. Specifically, a plaintiff would need to show that the owner actually placed the dangerous substance on the premises, the owner possessed actual knowledge that the substance was on their premises and did nothing, or that it was more likely than not that the dangerous condition was in existence for a sufficient period of time to give the business owner an opportunity to discover it.

Texas Courts have elaborated on these three factual prerequisites. For example, if an employee of the business was simply in proximity to the alleged dangerous condition near the time of the slip and fall is considered to be inadequate for establishing constructive notice. Courts have held that if a plaintiff lacks evidence to show when or how a substance came to be on a business premise, or the length of time it had been there means a plaintiff cannot establish constructive notice thereby  negating the fourth element. If this element cannot be proven, the plaintiff does not have a viable case. If a judge rules that you, as the business owner, lacked constructive or actual knowledge of the alleged dangerous substance, your attorney could then pursue a motion to dismiss the claim entirely. 

Speak to a Brownsville Premises Liability Defense Attorney Today

If your business is being subjected to a premises liability suit based on a slip and fall, you need to retain experienced and skilled counsel. The Brownsville defense legal team of Colvin, Saenz, Rodriguez & Kennamer, L.L.P. is here to help. We possess decades of experience in this area of law. Contact our office today to schedule a meeting.




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